Allergies are no longer only a human disorder. More and more pets can suffer from various allergies. Volatile allergens such as dust or pollen or food allergies are more common in pets this days.
The most common allergy in dogs is a food allergy. Allergens are various particles which destabilize immunity. Strongly allergenic are proteins, both plant and animal origin. Among plants, allergenic may be legumes, tomatoes and wheat due to presence of gluten. Allergies may also be caused by ubiquitous preservatives or chemical additives.
Causes of allergies
it is very hard to tell why a particular organism is allergic to a certain ingredient. Allergic reaction in simply a reaction of a immunity system to a allergenic component. When allergens appear, the body starts to produce antibodies to fight them. Cause of this may be an inflammatory condition: starting from a simple cold to a serious condition as for example anaphylactic shock.
There are many potential causes of allergiers: a longterm contact with an allergen, bad condition of intestines, leak of intestinal mucosa, which proves the allergy may be acquired and can reveal itself after some time.
Symptoms of an allergy
Allergy in pets mainly appears with symptoms such as: rush, itch, itching, local moulting. Often a digestive system reacts on allergens. Changes may be noticed also in pet's behaviour: it may become listless and dejected.
Untreated and long lasting allergy may annihilate the organism of a dog. Animal may lose weight, hair become matt and a depression may occur. Symptoms also may come from the respiratory system: a runny nose or a asthma. Diagnosing an allergy is difficult as it does not have any characteristic symptoms. That is why the best is to diagnose it with elimination of other diseases.
What sort of diet?
Owners of dogs suffering from food allergies have the option of many diets, eg. Vegetarian elimination, or BARF.
Elimination diet as the name suggests is to eliminate allergens from food. As a result, it introduces a balanced diet without allergenic ingredients. After a few weeks into the diet introduced new ingredients, and those that do not sensitize remain on the menu. Diet, of course, should be consulted with a veterinarian.
A vegetarian diet has its supporters and skeptics. Although dogs have stomach predators, vegetarian diet by dog owners with allergies positive effect on their health.
Another is the BARF diet. It is a diet based on natural raw feed dog, a suitable meat. Proponents of the children claim that eliminates many diseases, including allergy.
Food for allergic dogs
Specialized dog food allergy and food hypersensitivity should contain protein, carbohydrates, high-quality, fibre, vitamins and minerals, as well as unsaturated fatty acids that soothe the skin allergic reactions.